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NAP; Naphthylaminopropane
2353
Variant: R3,4 skeleton isomers all
Analogues: 22 1 1 24

IUPAC: 1-(Naphthalen-2-yl)propan-2-amine

Formula: C13H15N Molecular weight: 185.2649 g/mol InChI Key: UPQSZFKXKRKCGZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChI=1S/C13H15N/c1-10(14)8-11-6-7-12-4-2-3-5-13(12)9-11/h2-7,9-10H,8,14H2,1H3

PubChem CID: 10219723; ChemSpider: 8395215; Wikipedia: Napthylaminopropane

Vilches-Herrera, M; Miranda-Sepúlveda, J; Rebolledo-Fuentes, M; Fierro, A; Lühr, S; Iturriaga-Vasquez, P; Cassels, BK; Reyes-Parada, M. Naphthylisopropylamine and N-benzylamphetamine derivatives as monoamine oxidase inhibitors. Bioorg. Med. Chem., 15 Mar 2009, 17 (6), 2452–2460. 509 kB. doi:10.1016/j.bmc.2009.01.074

Rothman, RB; Blough, BE; Baumann, MH. Dual dopamine-5-HT releasers: potential treatment agents for cocaine addiction. Trends Pharmacol. Sci., 1 Dec 2006, 27 (12), 612–618. 519 kB. doi:10.1016/j.tips.2006.10.006

Rothman, RB; Blough, BE; Baumann, MH. Dual dopamine/serotonin releasers as potential medications for stimulant and alcohol addictions. AAPS J., 2007, 9 (1), E1–E10. 999 kB. doi:10.1208/aapsj0901001

22 R3,4 analogues:
55
Analogue 1: Substituting Dimethoxy for Benzo at R3,4

3,4-DMA
DMA
3,4-Dimethoxyamphetamine

IUPAC: 1-(3,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)propan-2-amine

Formula: C11H17NO2 Molecular weight: 195.25818 g/mol InChI Key: KAZPHAGSWZTKDW-UHFFFAOYSA-N Properties: Essential amphetamine

InChI=1S/C11H17NO2/c1-8(12)6-9-4-5-10(13-2)11(7-9)14-3/h4-5,7-8H,6,12H2,1-3H3

PubChem CID: 8423; ChemSpider: 8116; Wikipedia: Dimethoxyamphetamine

Shulgin Index: #38 DMA; Table: 4 Page: 330 Row: 17

See also PiHKAL: #53 2,4-DMA #124 META-DOB #157 TMA  
See also Pharmacology notes I: p. 143, 3,4-DMA

Bailey, K; Legault, D. 13C NMR spectra and structure of mono-, di- and trimethoxyphenylethylamines and amphetamines. Org. Magn. Resonance, 1 Jun 1983, 21 (6), 391–396. 680 kB. doi:10.1002/omr.1270210611

Butterick, JR. Synthesis of O-transmethylated catecholamines and psychodysleptic β-phenylisopropylamines. Ph. D. Thesis, Simon Faser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada, 11 Mar 1975. 6069 kB. External examiner: A. T. Shulgin!

Shulgin, AT. Chemistry and structure-activity relationships of the psychotomimetics. In Psychotomimetic Drugs; Efron, DH, Ed., Raven Press, New York, 1 Jan 1970; pp 21–41. 8647 kB.

Butterick, JR; Unrau, AM. Studies on theoretical psychotogens. Synthesis of O-methylated analogs of catecholamine neurotransmitters and metabolic precursors. Can. J. Chem., 1 Jan 1974, 52 (16), 2873–2879. 305 kB. doi:10.1139/v74-418

Shulgin, AT; Sargent, T; Naranjo, C. Structure-activity relationships of one-ring psychotomimetics. Nature, 1 Jan 1969, 221, 537–541. 537 kB. doi:10.1038/221537a0

Ho, B; McIsaac, WM; An, R; Tansey, LW; Walker, KE; Englert, LF; Noel, MB. Analogs of α-methylphenethylamine (amphetamine). I. Synthesis and pharmacological activity of some methoxy and/or methyl analogs. J. Med. Chem., 1 Jan 1970, 13 (1), 26–30. 601 kB. doi:10.1021/jm00295a007

Barfknecht, CF; Nichols, DE. Effects of S-(+)- and R-(-)-3,4,dimethoxyphenylisopropylamines in the rat. J. Med. Chem., 1 Jan 1972, 15 (1), 109–110. 295 kB. doi:10.1021/jm00271a037

Nichols, DE; Barfknecht, CF; Rusterholz, DB; Benington, F; Morin, RD. Asymmetric synthesis of psychotomimetic phenylisopropylamines. J. Med. Chem., 1 Jan 1973, 16 (5), 480–483. 515 kB. doi:10.1021/jm00263a013

Glennon, RA; Liebowitz, SM; Anderson, GM. Serotonin receptor affinities of psychoactive phenalkylamine analogues. J. Med. Chem., 1 Mar 1980, 23 (3), 294–299. 844 kB. doi:10.1021/jm00177a017

Domelsmith, LN; Eaton, TA; Houk, KN; Anderson, GM; Glennon, RA; Shulgin, AT; Castagnoli, N; Kollman, PA. Photoelectron spectra of psychotropic drugs. 6. Relationships between physical properties and pharmacological actions of amphetamine analogues. J. Med. Chem., 1 Jan 1981, 24 (12), 1414–1421. 963 kB. doi:10.1021/jm00144a009

Shulgin, AT. Psychotomimetic drugs: structure-activity relationships. In Handbook of Psychopharmacology: Stimulants; Iversen, LL; Iversen, SD; Snyder, SH, Eds., Plenum Press, New York, 1 Jan 1978; Vol. 11, pp 243–333. 2584 kB. doi:10.1007/978-1-4757-0510-2_6 Rhodium.

Antun, F; Smythies, JR; Benington, F; Morin, RD; Barfknecht, CF; Nichols, DE. Native fluorescence and hallucinogenic potency of some amphetamines. Experientia, 15 Jan 1971, 27 (1), 62–63. 248 kB. doi:10.1007/BF02137743

Glennon, RA; Rosecrans, JA; Young, R. Behavioral properties of psychoactive phenylisopropylamines in rats. Eur. J. Pharmacol., 17 Dec 1981, 76 (4), 353–360. 964 kB. doi:10.1016/0014-2999(81)90106-0

Scorza, M; Carrau, C; Silveira, R; Zapata-Torres, G; Cassels, BK; Reyes-Parada, M. Monoamine oxidase inhibitory properties of some methoxylated and alkylthio amphetamine derivatives. Biochem. Pharmacol., 15 Dec 1997, 54 (12), 1361–1369. 697 kB. doi:10.1016/S0006-2952(97)00405-X

Altun, A; Golcuk, K; Kumru, M; Jalbout, AF. Electron-conformation study for the structure-hallucinogenic activity relationships of phenylalkylamines. Bioorg. Med. Chem., 1 Dec 2003, 11 (24), 3861–3868. 577 kB. doi:10.1016/S0968-0896(03)00437-1

Thakur, M; Thakur, A; Khadikar, PV. QSAR studies on psychotomimetic phenylalkylamines. Bioorg. Med. Chem., 15 Feb 2004, 12 (4), 825–831. 323 kB. doi:10.1016/j.bmc.2003.10.027

Halberstadt, AL; Geyer, MA. Multiple receptors contribute to the behavioral effects of indoleamine hallucinogens. Neuropharmacology, 1 Sep 2011, 61 (3) 364–381. 817 kB. doi:10.1016/j.neuropharm.2011.01.017

100
Analogue 2: Substituting Methylenedioxy for Benzo at R3,4

MDA
EA-1298
Amphedoxamine
3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine

IUPAC: 1-(1,3-Benzodioxol-5-yl)propan-2-amine

Formula: C10H13NO2 Molecular weight: 179.21572 g/mol InChI Key: NGBBVGZWCFBOGO-UHFFFAOYSA-N Properties: Essential amphetamine

InChI=1S/C10H13NO2/c1-7(11)4-8-2-3-9-10(5-8)13-6-12-9/h2-3,5,7H,4,6,11H2,1H3

PubChem CID: 1614; ChemSpider: 1555; Erowid: MDA; Wikipedia: 3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine

Shulgin Index: #77 MDA; Table: 4 Page: 331 Row: 20

See also PiHKAL: #8 ARIADNE
#19 2-Br-4,5-MDA
#55 3,4-DMA
#58 DMMDA
#59 DMMDA-2
#62 DOB
#67 DOI
#77 ETHYL-J
#81 FLEA
#88 HOT-7
#94 J
#96 M
#97 4-MA
#102 MDBU
#103 MDBZ
#106 MDE
#107 MDHOET
#109 MDMA
#111 MDMEO
#114 MDOH
#115 MDPEA
#116 MDPH
#120 MEDA
#124 META-DOB
#127 METHYL-DOB
#128 METHYL-J
#133 MMDA-2
#135 MMDA-3b
#142 PEA
#157 TMA
See also TiHKAL: #5 α,O-DMS
#6 DMT
#8 α,N-DMT
#28 4,5-MDO-DIPT
#31 5,6-MDO-DMT
#47 MIPT
#55 α,N,O-TMS
See also Pharmacology notes I: p. 37, MDA: Subacute evaluation
p. 123, MDA: Subjective response
p. 139, The Pseunut Cocktail
See also Pharmacology notes II: app. 3, MDA: Record
p. 202, MDA: Subjective response
p. 203, MDA: Subjective response
p. 246, MDA: Subjective response
p. 278, MDA: Subjective response

Shulgin, AT. Making MDA, MDEA, MDMA. Ask Dr. Shulgin Online, Center for Cognitive Liberty & Ethics, 15 Mar 2001.

Ray, TS. Psychedelics and the human receptorome. PLOS ONE, 2 Feb 2010, 5 (2), e9019. 791 kB. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0009019

Naranjo, C; Shulgin, AT; Sargent, T. Evaluation of 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) as an adjunct to psychotherapy. Med. Pharmacol. Exp., 1 Jan 1967, 17 (4), 359–364. 694 kB. doi:10.1159/000137100

Roman, DL; Saldaña, SN; Nichols, DE; Carroll, FI; Barker, EL. Distinct molecular recognition of psychostimulants by human and Drosophila serotonin transporters. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther., 1 Jan 2004, 308 (2), 679–687. 519 kB. doi:10.1124/jpet.103.057836

Lemaire, D; Jacob, P; Shulgin, AT. Ring substituted beta-methoxyphenethylamines: a new class of psychotomimetic agents active in man. J. Pharm. Pharmacol., 1 Jan 1985, 37 (8), 575–7. 1767 kB. doi:10.1111/j.2042-7158.1985.tb03072.x

Benzenhöfer, U; Passie, T. Rediscovering MDMA (ecstasy): the role of the American chemist Alexander T. Shulgin. Addiction, 1 Aug 2010, 105 (8), 1355–1361. 794 kB. doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.02948.x

Shulgin, AT; Jacob, P. Potential misrepresentation of 3,4-methylene-dioxyamphetamine (MDA). A toxicological warning. J. Anal. Toxicol., 1 Jan 1982, 6 (2), 71–75. 5581 kB. doi:10.1093/jat/6.2.71

Pentney, AR. An exploration of the history and controversies surrounding MDMA and MDA. J. Psychoactive Drugs, 1 Jul 2001, 33 (3), 213–221. 871 kB. doi:10.1080/02791072.2001.10400568

Nichols, DE. Differences between the mechanism of action of MDMA, MBDB, and the classic hallucinogens. Identification of a new therapeutic class: Entactogens. J. Psychoactive Drugs, 1 Jan 1986, 18 (4), 305–313. 10675 kB. doi:10.1080/02791072.1986.10472362

Reviriego, F; Navarro, P; Domènech, A; García-España, E. Effective complexation of psychotropic phenethylammonium salts from a disodium dipyrazolate salt of macrocyclic structure. J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans. 2, 2002, 1634–1638. 115 kB. doi:10.1039/b200607c

Shulgin, AT; Sargent, T; Naranjo, C. Structure-activity relationships of one-ring psychotomimetics. Nature, 1 Jan 1969, 221, 537–541. 537 kB. doi:10.1038/221537a0

Nichols, DE; Lloyd, DH; Hoffman, AJ; Nichols, MB; Yim, GKW. Effects of certain hallucinogenic amphetamine analogues on the release of [3H]-serotonin from rat brain synaptosomes. J. Med. Chem., 1 Jan 1982, 25 (5), 530–535. 804 kB. doi:10.1021/jm00347a010

Baggott, MJ; Siegrist, JD; Galloway, GP; Robertson, LC; Coyle, JR; Mendelson, JE. Investigating the mechanisms of hallucinogen-induced visions using 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA): A randomized controlled trial in humans. PLOS ONE, 2 Dec 2010, 5 (12). 1435 kB. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0014074

Dal Cason, TA. An evaluation of the potential for clandestine manufacture of 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) analogs and homologs. J. Forensic Sci., 1 May 1990, 35 (3), 675–697. 2235 kB. doi:10.1520/JFS12874J

Guy, M; Freeman, S; Alder, JF; Brandt, SD. The Henry reaction: spectroscopic studies of nitrile and hydroxylamine by-products formed during synthesis of psychoactive phenylalkylamines. Cent. Eur. J. Chem., 1 Dec 2008, 6 (4), 526–534. 982 kB. doi:10.2478/s11532-008-0054-z

Vohlken, BA; Layton, SM. Instrumental separation of 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) from 1-(3,4- methylenedioxyphenyl)-2-propanol, a co-eluting compound. Microgram J., 1 Jan 2003, 1 (1–2), 32–36. 208 kB.

Cozzi, NV. Pharmacological studies of some psychoactive phenylalkylamines: entactogens, hallucinogens, and anorectics. Ph. D. Thesis, University Of Wisconsin-Madison, 1 Jan 1994. 10616 kB.

Maurer, HH; Kraemer, T; Springer, D; Staack, RF. Chemistry, pharmacology, toxicology, and hepatic metabolism of designer drugs of the amphetamine (Ecstasy), piperazine, and pyrrolidinophenone types. A synopsis. Ther. Drug Monit., 1 Apr 2004, 26 (2), 127–131. 121 kB.

Toole, KE; Fu, S; Shimmon, RG; Kraymen, M; Taflaga, S. Color tests for the preliminary identification of methcathinone and analogues of methcathinone. Microgram J., 2012, 9 (1), 27–32. 496 kB.

Krawczeniuk, AS. Identification of phenethylamines and methylenedioxyamphetamines using liquid chromatography atmospheric pressure electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Microgram J., 1 Jan 2005, 3 (1–2), 78–100. 979 kB.

Oberlender, R; Nichols, DE. (+)-N-Methyl-1-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-2-butanamine as a discriminative stimulus in studies of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine-like behavioral activity. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther., 1 Dec 1990, 255 (3), 1098–1106. 1876 kB.

Shulgin, AT. Chemistry and structure-activity relationships of the psychotomimetics. In Psychotomimetic Drugs; Efron, DH, Ed., Raven Press, New York, 1 Jan 1970; pp 21–41. 8647 kB.

Anderson, GM; Braun, G; Braun, U; Nichols, DE; Shulgin, AT. Absolute configuration and psychotomimetic activity. In QuaSAR: Quantitative Structure Activity Relationships of Analgesics, Narcotic Antagonists, and Hallucinogens. NIDA Research Monograph 22; Barnett, G; Trsic, M; Willette, RE, Eds., U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Health, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1 Jan 1978; pp 8–15. 457 kB.

Shulgin, AT; Sargent, T; Naranjo, C. The chemistry and psychopharmacology of nutmeg and of several related phenylisopropylamines. In Ethnopharmacologic Search for Psychoactive Drugs; Efron, DH; Holmstedt, B; Kline, NS, Eds., U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Health, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 28 Jan 1967; pp 202–215. 951 kB.

Braun, U; Shulgin, AT; Braun, G. Prüfung auf zentrale Aktivität und Analgesia von N-substituierten Analogen des Amphetamin-Derivates 3,4-Methylendioxyphenylisopropylamin. Arzneim. Forsch., 1 Jan 1980, 30 (5), 825–830. 1504 kB.

Thiessen, PN; Cook, DA. The properties of 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA). I. A review of the literature. Clin. Toxicol., 1973, 6 (1), 45–52. 367 kB. doi:10.3109/15563657308991042

Ho, B; McIsaac, WM; An, R; Tansey, LW; Walker, KE; Englert, LF; Noel, MB. Analogs of α-methylphenethylamine (amphetamine). I. Synthesis and pharmacological activity of some methoxy and/or methyl analogs. J. Med. Chem., 1 Jan 1970, 13 (1), 26–30. 601 kB. doi:10.1021/jm00295a007

Glennon, RA; Liebowitz, SM; Anderson, GM. Serotonin receptor affinities of psychoactive phenalkylamine analogues. J. Med. Chem., 1 Mar 1980, 23 (3), 294–299. 844 kB. doi:10.1021/jm00177a017

Nash, JF; Nichols, DE. Microdialysis studies on 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine and structurally related analogues. Eur. J. Pharmacol., 1 Jan 1991, 200 (1), 53–58. 714 kB. doi:10.1016/0014-2999(91)90664-C

Johnson, MP; Conarty, PF; Nichols, DE. [3H]Monoamine releasing and uptake inhibition properties of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine and p-chloroamphetamine analogues. Eur. J. Pharmacol., 1 Jan 1991, 200 (1), 9–16. 1107 kB. doi:10.1016/0014-2999(91)90659-E

Stone, DM; Johnson, M; Hanson, GR; Gibb, JW. A comparison of the neurotoxic potential of methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) and its N-methylated and N-ethylated derivatives. Eur. J. Pharmacol., 10 Feb 1987, 134 (2), 245–248. 316 kB. doi:10.1016/0014-2999(87)90555-8

Johnson, MP; Hoffman, AJ; Nichols, DE. Effects of the enantiomers of MDA, MDMA and related analogues on [3H]serotonin and [3H]dopamine release from superfused rat brain slices. Eur. J. Pharmacol., 16 Dec 1986, 132 (2–3), 269–276. 559 kB. doi:10.1016/0014-2999(86)90615-1

Glennon, RA; Young, R. MDA: An agent that produces stimulus effects similar to those of 3,4-DMA, LSD and cocaine. Eur. J. Pharmacol., 23 Mar 1984, 99 (2–3), 249–250. 139 kB. doi:10.1016/0014-2999(84)90250-4

Glennon, RA; Rosecrans, JA; Young, R. Behavioral properties of psychoactive phenylisopropylamines in rats. Eur. J. Pharmacol., 17 Dec 1981, 76 (4), 353–360. 964 kB. doi:10.1016/0014-2999(81)90106-0

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Braun, U; Shulgin, AT; Braun, G. Centrally active N-substituted analogs of 3,4-methylenedioxyphenylisopropylamine (3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine). J. Pharm. Sci., 1 Jan 1980, 69 (2), 192–195. 513 kB. doi:10.1002/jps.2600690220

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White, TJ; Goodman, D; Shulgin, AT; Castagnoli, N; Lee, R; Petrakis, NL. Mutagenic activity of some centrally active aromatic amines in Salmonella typhimurium. Mutat. Res., 1 Jan 1977, 56 (2), 199–202. 256 kB. doi:10.1016/0027-5107(77)90210-X

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Nichols, DE; Hoffman, AJ; Oberlender, RA; Jacob, P; Shulgin, AT. Derivatives of 1-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-2-butanamine: Representatives of a novel therapeutic class. J. Med. Chem., 1 Jan 1986, 29 (10), 2009–2015. 1024 kB. doi:10.1021/jm00160a035

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Thakur, M; Thakur, A; Khadikar, PV. QSAR studies on psychotomimetic phenylalkylamines. Bioorg. Med. Chem., 15 Feb 2004, 12 (4), 825–831. 323 kB. doi:10.1016/j.bmc.2003.10.027

Altun, A; Golcuk, K; Kumru, M; Jalbout, AF. Electron-conformation study for the structure-hallucinogenic activity relationships of phenylalkylamines. Bioorg. Med. Chem., 1 Dec 2003, 11 (24), 3861–3868. 577 kB. doi:10.1016/S0968-0896(03)00437-1

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Scorza, M; Carrau, C; Silveira, R; Zapata-Torres, G; Cassels, BK; Reyes-Parada, M. Monoamine oxidase inhibitory properties of some methoxylated and alkylthio amphetamine derivatives. Biochem. Pharmacol., 15 Dec 1997, 54 (12), 1361–1369. 697 kB. doi:10.1016/S0006-2952(97)00405-X

McKenna, DJ; Guan, AM; Shulgin, AT. 3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) analogues exhibit differential effects on synaptosomal release of 3H-dopamine and 3H-5-hydroxytryptamine. Pharmacol. Biochem. Behav., 1 Jan 1991, 38 (3), 505–12. 783 kB. doi:10.1016/0091-3057(91)90005-M

Nichols, DE; Oberlender, R; Burris, K; Hoffman, AJ; Johnson, MP. Studies of dioxole ring substituted 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) analogues. Pharmacol. Biochem. Behav., 1 Jan 1989, 34 (3), 571–576. 680 kB. doi:10.1016/0091-3057(89)90560-1

Domelsmith, LN; Eaton, TA; Houk, KN; Anderson, GM; Glennon, RA; Shulgin, AT; Castagnoli, N; Kollman, PA. Photoelectron spectra of psychotropic drugs. 6. Relationships between physical properties and pharmacological actions of amphetamine analogues. J. Med. Chem., 1 Jan 1981, 24 (12), 1414–1421. 963 kB. doi:10.1021/jm00144a009

273
Analogue 3: Substituting Ethylidenedioxy for Benzo at R3,4

7-Me-MDA
EDA
3,4-Ethylidenedioxyamphetamine

IUPAC: 1-(2-Methyl-1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)propan-2-amine

Formula: C11H15NO2 Molecular weight: 193.2423 g/mol InChI Key: SLXACJFRFCJPAH-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChI=1S/C11H15NO2/c1-7(12)5-9-3-4-10-11(6-9)14-8(2)13-10/h3-4,6-8H,5,12H2,1-2H3

PubChem CID: 130542; ChemSpider: 115478

Shulgin Index: See #77 MDA; Table: 4 Page: 333 Row: 31, #65 EDA; Table: 4 Page: 333 Row: 37

See also PiHKAL: #100 MDA #120 MEDA    

Nichols, DE; Oberlender, R; Burris, K; Hoffman, AJ; Johnson, MP. Studies of dioxole ring substituted 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) analogues. Pharmacol. Biochem. Behav., 1 Jan 1989, 34 (3), 571–576. 680 kB. doi:10.1016/0091-3057(89)90560-1

Nichols, DE; Kostuba, LJ. Steric effects of substituents on phenethylamine hallucinogens. 3,4-(Methylenedioxy)amphetamine analogues alkylated on the dioxole ring. J. Med. Chem., 1 Jan 1979, 22 (10), 1264–1267. 606 kB. doi:10.1021/jm00196a022

274
Analogue 4: Substituting Isopropylidinedioxy for Benzo at R3,4

IDA
3,4-Isopropylidenedioxyamphetamine

IUPAC: 1-(2,2-Dimethyl-1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)propan-2-amine

Formula: C12H17NO2 Molecular weight: 207.26888 g/mol InChI Key: HJMCSQZYQOFDAL-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChI=1S/C12H17NO2/c1-8(13)6-9-4-5-10-11(7-9)15-12(2,3)14-10/h4-5,7-8H,6,13H2,1-3H3

PubChem CID: 130544; ChemSpider: 115480

Shulgin Index: See #77 MDA; Table: 4 Page: 333 Row: 32

See also PiHKAL: #100 MDA #120 MEDA    

Nichols, DE; Kostuba, LJ. Steric effects of substituents on phenethylamine hallucinogens. 3,4-(Methylenedioxy)amphetamine analogues alkylated on the dioxole ring. J. Med. Chem., 1 Jan 1979, 22 (10), 1264–1267. 606 kB. doi:10.1021/jm00196a022

Nichols, DE; Oberlender, R; Burris, K; Hoffman, AJ; Johnson, MP. Studies of dioxole ring substituted 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) analogues. Pharmacol. Biochem. Behav., 1 Jan 1989, 34 (3), 571–576. 680 kB. doi:10.1016/0091-3057(89)90560-1

2043
Analogue 5: Substituting Trimethylene for Benzo at R3,4

5-APDI
IAP
Indanylaminopropane
5-(2-Aminopropyl)-2,3-dihydro-1H-indene

IUPAC: 1-(2,3-Dihydro-1H-inden-5-yl)propan-2-amine

Formula: C12H17N Molecular weight: 175.27008 g/mol InChI Key: QYVNZHBQYJRLEX-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChI=1S/C12H17N/c1-9(13)7-10-5-6-11-3-2-4-12(11)8-10/h5-6,8-9H,2-4,7,13H2,1H3

PubChem CID: 192600; ChemSpider: 167142; Erowid: IAP; Wikipedia: 5-APDI

Shulgin Index: See #42 DMeA; Table: 4 Page: 327 Row: 26

Monte, AP; Marona-Lewicka, D; Cozzi, NV; Nichols, DE. Synthesis and pharmacological examination of benzofuran, indan, and tetralin analogues of 3,4-(methylenedioxy)amphetamine. J. Med. Chem., 1 Jan 1993, 36 (23), 3700–3706. 1026 kB. doi:10.1021/jm00075a027

Casale, JF; McKibben, TD; Bozenko, JS; Hays, PA. Characterization of the “Indanylamphetamines” Microgram J., 1 Jan 2005, 3 (1–2), 3–10. 208 kB.

Cozzi, NV. Pharmacological studies of some psychoactive phenylalkylamines: entactogens, hallucinogens, and anorectics. Ph. D. Thesis, University Of Wisconsin-Madison, 1 Jan 1994. 10616 kB.

2314
Analogue 6: Substituting 1,1-Difluoromethylenedioxy for Benzo at R3,4

F2-MDA
DFMDA
Difluoro-MDA
3,4-(1,1-Difluoromethylenedioxy)amphetamine
3,4-Difluoromethylenedioxyamphetamine

IUPAC: 1-(2,2-Difluoro-1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)propan-2-amine

Formula: C10H11F2NO2 Molecular weight: 215.1966464 g/mol InChI Key: BHDXKBALNFHXDV-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChI=1S/C10H11F2NO2/c1-6(13)4-7-2-3-8-9(5-7)15-10(11,12)14-8/h2-3,5-6H,4,13H2,1H3

PubChem CID: 57467735; ChemSpider: 26495356

Shulgin Index: See #77 MDA; Table: 4 Page: 333 Row: 26

Trachsel, D; Hadorn, M; Baumberger, F. Synthesis of fluoro analogues of 3,4-(methylenedioxy)amphetamine (MDA) and Its derivatives. Chem. Biodiv., 23 Mar 2006, 3 (3), 326–336. 106 kB. doi:10.1002/cbdv.200690035

Trachsel, D. Fluorine in psychedelic phenethylamines. Drug Test. Anal., 13 Dec 2011. 1038 kB. doi:10.1002/dta.413

2351
Analogue 7: Substituting 2,3-Dihydrofuro[d] for Benzo at R3,4

BF6AP
6-APDB
4-Desoxy-MDA

IUPAC: 1-(2,3-Dihydro-1-benzofuran-6-yl)propan-2-amine

Formula: C11H15NO Molecular weight: 177.2429 g/mol InChI Key: VRNGXHJGMCJRSQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChI=1S/C11H15NO/c1-8(12)6-9-2-3-10-4-5-13-11(10)7-9/h2-3,7-8H,4-6,12H2,1H3

PubChem CID: 192599; ChemSpider: 167141; Wikipedia: 6-APDB

Shulgin Index: See #77 MDA; Table: 4 Page: 327 Row: 29, See #77 MDA; Table: 4 Page: 331 Row: 9

Monte, AP; Marona-Lewicka, D; Cozzi, NV; Nichols, DE. Synthesis and pharmacological examination of benzofuran, indan, and tetralin analogues of 3,4-(methylenedioxy)amphetamine. J. Med. Chem., 1 Jan 1993, 36 (23), 3700–3706. 1026 kB. doi:10.1021/jm00075a027

Casale, JF; Hays, PA. The characterization of 5- and 6-(2-aminopropyl)-2,3-dihydrobenzofuran. Microgram J., 2011, 8 (2), 62–74. 1031 kB.

Casale, JF. Letter to the editor regarding: Abbreviations for 5- and 6-(2-aminopropyl)-2,3-dihydrobenzofuran vs. 5- and 6-(2-aminopropyl)benzofuran: A clarification of “APB” and “APDB” Microgram J., 2012, 9 (1), 46. 220 kB.

Cozzi, NV. Pharmacological studies of some psychoactive phenylalkylamines: entactogens, hallucinogens, and anorectics. Ph. D. Thesis, University Of Wisconsin-Madison, 1 Jan 1994. 10616 kB.

2352
Analogue 8: Substituting 2,3-Dihydrofuro[b] for Benzo at R3,4

BF5AP
5-APDB
3-Desoxy-MDA
5-(2-Aminopropyl)-2,3-dihydrobenzofuran

IUPAC: 1-(2,3-Dihydro-1-benzofuran-5-yl)propan-2-amine

Formula: C11H15NO Molecular weight: 177.2429 g/mol InChI Key: PZTJXZKNTPCPJL-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChI=1S/C11H15NO/c1-8(12)6-9-2-3-11-10(7-9)4-5-13-11/h2-3,7-8H,4-6,12H2,1H3

PubChem CID: 192601; ChemSpider: 167143; Wikipedia: 5-APDB

Monte, AP; Marona-Lewicka, D; Cozzi, NV; Nichols, DE. Synthesis and pharmacological examination of benzofuran, indan, and tetralin analogues of 3,4-(methylenedioxy)amphetamine. J. Med. Chem., 1 Jan 1993, 36 (23), 3700–3706. 1026 kB. doi:10.1021/jm00075a027

Casale, JF; Hays, PA. The characterization of 5- and 6-(2-aminopropyl)-2,3-dihydrobenzofuran. Microgram J., 2011, 8 (2), 62–74. 1031 kB.

Casale, JF. Letter to the editor regarding: Abbreviations for 5- and 6-(2-aminopropyl)-2,3-dihydrobenzofuran vs. 5- and 6-(2-aminopropyl)benzofuran: A clarification of “APB” and “APDB” Microgram J., 2012, 9 (1), 46. 220 kB.

Cozzi, NV. Pharmacological studies of some psychoactive phenylalkylamines: entactogens, hallucinogens, and anorectics. Ph. D. Thesis, University Of Wisconsin-Madison, 1 Jan 1994. 10616 kB.

2354
Analogue 9: Substituting Tetramethylene for Benzo at R3,4

6-APT
TAP
Tetralinylaminopropane
6-(2-Aminopropyl)tetralin

IUPAC: 1-(5,6,7,8-Tetrahydronaphthalen-2-yl)propan-2-amine

Formula: C13H19N Molecular weight: 189.29666 g/mol InChI Key: UTVKUFYOPJCDPE-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChI=1S/C13H19N/c1-10(14)8-11-6-7-12-4-2-3-5-13(12)9-11/h6-7,9-10H,2-5,8,14H2,1H3

PubChem CID: 14964398; ChemSpider: 23204045; Wikipedia: 6-APT

Shulgin Index: See #42 DMeA; Table: 4 Page: 327 Row: 28

Monte, AP; Marona-Lewicka, D; Cozzi, NV; Nichols, DE. Synthesis and pharmacological examination of benzofuran, indan, and tetralin analogues of 3,4-(methylenedioxy)amphetamine. J. Med. Chem., 1 Jan 1993, 36 (23), 3700–3706. 1026 kB. doi:10.1021/jm00075a027

Cozzi, NV. Pharmacological studies of some psychoactive phenylalkylamines: entactogens, hallucinogens, and anorectics. Ph. D. Thesis, University Of Wisconsin-Madison, 1 Jan 1994. 10616 kB.

2358
Analogue 10: Substituting Furo[d] for Benzo at R3,4

6-APB
BenzoFury
6-(2-Aminopropyl)benzofuran

IUPAC: 1-(1-Benzofuran-6-yl)propan-2-amine

Formula: C11H13NO Molecular weight: 175.22702 g/mol InChI Key: FQDAMYLMQQKPRX-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChI=1S/C11H13NO/c1-8(12)6-9-2-3-10-4-5-13-11(10)7-9/h2-5,7-8H,6,12H2,1H3

PubChem CID: 9794343; ChemSpider: 7970110; Drugs Forum: 6-APB; Erowid: 6-APB; Wikipedia: 6-APB

Stanczuk, A; Morris, N; Gardner, EA; Kavanagh, PV. Identification of (2-aminopropyl)benzofuran (APB) phenyl ring positional isomers in Internet purchased products. Drug Test. Anal., 1 Apr 2013, 5 (4), 270–276. 1304 kB. doi:10.1002/dta.1451

Casale, JF. Letter to the editor regarding: Abbreviations for 5- and 6-(2-aminopropyl)-2,3-dihydrobenzofuran vs. 5- and 6-(2-aminopropyl)benzofuran: A clarification of “APB” and “APDB” Microgram J., 2012, 9 (1), 46. 220 kB.

Casale, JF; Hays, PA. The characterization of 6-(2-aminopropyl)benzofuran and differentiation from its 4-, 5-, and 7-positional analogues. Microgram J., 1 Jan 2012, 9 (2), 61–74. 1652 kB.

Meyers-Riggs, B. AIRCR jumps the shark. countyourculture: rational exploration of the underground, 30 Dec 2010.

2359
Analogue 11: Substituting Furo[b] for Benzo at R3,4

5-APB
5-(2-Aminopropyl)benzofuran

IUPAC: 1-(1-Benzofuran-5-yl)propan-2-amine

Formula: C11H13NO Molecular weight: 175.22702 g/mol InChI Key: VKUMKUZDZWHMQU-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChI=1S/C11H13NO/c1-8(12)6-9-2-3-11-10(7-9)4-5-13-11/h2-5,7-8H,6,12H2,1H3

PubChem CID: 9837232; ChemSpider: 8012953; Wikipedia: 5-APB

Stanczuk, A; Morris, N; Gardner, EA; Kavanagh, PV. Identification of (2-aminopropyl)benzofuran (APB) phenyl ring positional isomers in Internet purchased products. Drug Test. Anal., 1 Apr 2013, 5 (4), 270–276. 1304 kB. doi:10.1002/dta.1451

Casale, JF. Letter to the editor regarding: Abbreviations for 5- and 6-(2-aminopropyl)-2,3-dihydrobenzofuran vs. 5- and 6-(2-aminopropyl)benzofuran: A clarification of “APB” and “APDB” Microgram J., 2012, 9 (1), 46. 220 kB.

Casale, JF; Hays, PA. The characterization of 6-(2-aminopropyl)benzofuran and differentiation from its 4-, 5-, and 7-positional analogues. Microgram J., 1 Jan 2012, 9 (2), 61–74. 1652 kB.

5534
Analogue 12: Substituting Pyrrolo[b] for Benzo at R3,4

5-API
5-IT
5-(2-Aminopropyl)indole
3,4-Pyrrolo[b]amphetamine

IUPAC: 1-(1H-Indol-5-yl)propan-2-amine

Formula: C11H14N2 Molecular weight: 174.24226 g/mol InChI Key: AULGMISRJWGTBA-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChI=1S/C11H14N2/c1-8(12)6-9-2-3-11-10(7-9)4-5-13-11/h2-5,7-8,13H,6,12H2,1H3

PubChem CID: 55253543; ChemSpider: 25991467; Erowid: 5-IT; Wikipedia: 5-(2-Aminopropyl)indole

See also TiHKAL: #48 α-MT      

Elliott, SP; Brandt, SD; Freeman, S; Archer, RP. AMT (3-(2-aminopropyl)indole) and 5-IT (5-(2-aminopropyl)indole): an analytical challenge and implications for forensic analysis. Drug Test. Anal., 1 Mar 2013, 5 (3), 196–202. 794 kB. doi:10.1002/dta.1420

Herraiz, T; Brandt, SD. 5-(2-Aminopropyl)indole (5-IT): a psychoactive substance used for recreational purposes is an inhibitor of human monoamine oxidase (MAO). Drug Test. Anal., 20 Sep 2013. 567 kB. doi:10.1002/dta.1530

Anon. Report on the risk assessment of 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole (5-IT), European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, Jan 2014.

447
Analogue 13: Substituting Dihydroxy for Benzo at R3,4

DHA

IUPAC: 4-(2-Aminopropyl)benzene-1,2-diol

Formula: C9H13NO2 Molecular weight: 167.20502 g/mol InChI Key: KSRGADMGIRTXAF-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChI=1S/C9H13NO2/c1-6(10)4-7-2-3-8(11)9(12)5-7/h2-3,5-6,11-12H,4,10H2,1H3

PubChem CID: 17005; ChemSpider: 16110

Shulgin Index: #33 DHA; Table: 4 Page: 328 Row: 26

Capela, JP; Macedo, C; Branco, PS; Ferreira, LM; Lobo, AM; Fernandes, E; Remião, F; Bastos, ML; Dirnagl, U; Meisel, A; Carvalho, FG. Neurotoxicity mechanisms of thioether Ecstasy metabolites. Neuroscience, 1 Jan 2007, 146, 1743–1757. 995 kB. doi:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2007.03.028

Torre, R; Farré, M. Neurotoxicity of MDMA (ecstasy): the limitations of scaling from animals to humans. Trends Pharmacol. Sci., 1 Oct 2004, 25 (10), 505–508. 104 kB. doi:10.1016/j.tips.2004.08.001

6480
Analogue 14: Substituting 2,5-Dihydrofuro[c] for Benzo at R3,4

IBF5AP

IUPAC: 1-(1,3-Dihydro-2-benzofuran-5-yl)propan-2-amine

Formula: C11H15NO Molecular weight: 177.2429 g/mol InChI Key: SLAQRQKVPQBGDF-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChI=1S/C11H15NO/c1-8(12)4-9-2-3-10-6-13-7-11(10)5-9/h2-3,5,8H,4,6-7,12H2,1H3

Shulgin Index: See #77 MDA; Table: 4 Page: 327 Row: 30

6787
Analogue 15: Substituting Ethylenedioxy for Benzo at R3,4

IUPAC: 1-(2,3-Dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-6-yl)propan-2-amine

Formula: C11H15NO2 Molecular weight: 193.2423 g/mol InChI Key: HDECLNXLHDXDKE-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChI=1S/C11H15NO2/c1-8(12)6-9-2-3-10-11(7-9)14-5-4-13-10/h2-3,7-8H,4-6,12H2,1H3

PubChem CID: 5017291; ChemSpider: 4196440

2466
Analogue 16: Substituting 4-Methoxybenzo for Benzo at R3,4

6-MeO-NAP

IUPAC: 1-(6-Methoxynaphthalen-2-yl)propan-2-amine

Formula: C14H17NO Molecular weight: 215.29088 g/mol InChI Key: YYZOZFYDYBTLPQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChI=1S/C14H17NO/c1-10(15)7-11-3-4-13-9-14(16-2)6-5-12(13)8-11/h3-6,8-10H,7,15H2,1-2H3

PubChem CID: 18070083; ChemSpider: 16825590

Vilches-Herrera, M; Miranda-Sepúlveda, J; Rebolledo-Fuentes, M; Fierro, A; Lühr, S; Iturriaga-Vasquez, P; Cassels, BK; Reyes-Parada, M. Naphthylisopropylamine and N-benzylamphetamine derivatives as monoamine oxidase inhibitors. Bioorg. Med. Chem., 15 Mar 2009, 17 (6), 2452–2460. 509 kB. doi:10.1016/j.bmc.2009.01.074

2467
Analogue 17: Substituting 4-Ethoxybenzo for Benzo at R3,4

6-EtO-NAP

IUPAC: 1-(6-Ethoxynaphthalen-2-yl)propan-2-amine

Formula: C15H19NO Molecular weight: 229.31746 g/mol InChI Key: RIBPBDJODPIITD-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChI=1S/C15H19NO/c1-3-17-15-7-6-13-9-12(8-11(2)16)4-5-14(13)10-15/h4-7,9-11H,3,8,16H2,1-2H3

PubChem CID: 44590294; ChemSpider: 24688119

Vilches-Herrera, M; Miranda-Sepúlveda, J; Rebolledo-Fuentes, M; Fierro, A; Lühr, S; Iturriaga-Vasquez, P; Cassels, BK; Reyes-Parada, M. Naphthylisopropylamine and N-benzylamphetamine derivatives as monoamine oxidase inhibitors. Bioorg. Med. Chem., 15 Mar 2009, 17 (6), 2452–2460. 509 kB. doi:10.1016/j.bmc.2009.01.074

2468
Analogue 18: Substituting 4-n-Propoxybenzo for Benzo at R3,4

6-PrO-NAP

IUPAC: 1-(6-Propoxynaphthalen-2-yl)propan-2-amine

Formula: C16H21NO Molecular weight: 243.34404 g/mol InChI Key: CRXAYNAYXGFRGO-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChI=1S/C16H21NO/c1-3-8-18-16-7-6-14-10-13(9-12(2)17)4-5-15(14)11-16/h4-7,10-12H,3,8-9,17H2,1-2H3

PubChem CID: 44590295; ChemSpider: 24695427

Vilches-Herrera, M; Miranda-Sepúlveda, J; Rebolledo-Fuentes, M; Fierro, A; Lühr, S; Iturriaga-Vasquez, P; Cassels, BK; Reyes-Parada, M. Naphthylisopropylamine and N-benzylamphetamine derivatives as monoamine oxidase inhibitors. Bioorg. Med. Chem., 15 Mar 2009, 17 (6), 2452–2460. 509 kB. doi:10.1016/j.bmc.2009.01.074

2469
Analogue 19: Substituting 4-n-Butoxybenzo for Benzo at R3,4

6-BuO-NAP

IUPAC: 1-(6-Butoxynaphthalen-2-yl)propan-2-amine

Formula: C17H23NO Molecular weight: 257.37062 g/mol InChI Key: HQJXBGMWVQCDJS-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChI=1S/C17H23NO/c1-3-4-9-19-17-8-7-15-11-14(10-13(2)18)5-6-16(15)12-17/h5-8,11-13H,3-4,9-10,18H2,1-2H3

PubChem CID: 44590779; ChemSpider: 24686962

Vilches-Herrera, M; Miranda-Sepúlveda, J; Rebolledo-Fuentes, M; Fierro, A; Lühr, S; Iturriaga-Vasquez, P; Cassels, BK; Reyes-Parada, M. Naphthylisopropylamine and N-benzylamphetamine derivatives as monoamine oxidase inhibitors. Bioorg. Med. Chem., 15 Mar 2009, 17 (6), 2452–2460. 509 kB. doi:10.1016/j.bmc.2009.01.074

2470
Analogue 20: Substituting 4-Benzyloxybenzo for Benzo at R3,4

6-BnO-NAP

IUPAC: 1-[6-(Benzyloxy)naphthalen-2-yl]propan-2-amine

Formula: C20H21NO Molecular weight: 291.38684 g/mol InChI Key: KDDLNYYBHKHYRE-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChI=1S/C20H21NO/c1-15(21)11-17-7-8-19-13-20(10-9-18(19)12-17)22-14-16-5-3-2-4-6-16/h2-10,12-13,15H,11,14,21H2,1H3

PubChem CID: 44590780; ChemSpider: 24689854

Vilches-Herrera, M; Miranda-Sepúlveda, J; Rebolledo-Fuentes, M; Fierro, A; Lühr, S; Iturriaga-Vasquez, P; Cassels, BK; Reyes-Parada, M. Naphthylisopropylamine and N-benzylamphetamine derivatives as monoamine oxidase inhibitors. Bioorg. Med. Chem., 15 Mar 2009, 17 (6), 2452–2460. 509 kB. doi:10.1016/j.bmc.2009.01.074

2471
Analogue 21: Substituting 4-Methylthiobenzo for Benzo at R3,4

6-MeS-NAP

IUPAC: 1-[6-(Methylsulfanyl)naphthalen-2-yl]propan-2-amine

Formula: C14H17NS Molecular weight: 231.35648 g/mol InChI Key: YTLQCSVRMANEOQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChI=1S/C14H17NS/c1-10(15)7-11-3-4-13-9-14(16-2)6-5-12(13)8-11/h3-6,8-10H,7,15H2,1-2H3

PubChem CID: 44590781; ChemSpider: 24689225

Vilches-Herrera, M; Miranda-Sepúlveda, J; Rebolledo-Fuentes, M; Fierro, A; Lühr, S; Iturriaga-Vasquez, P; Cassels, BK; Reyes-Parada, M. Naphthylisopropylamine and N-benzylamphetamine derivatives as monoamine oxidase inhibitors. Bioorg. Med. Chem., 15 Mar 2009, 17 (6), 2452–2460. 509 kB. doi:10.1016/j.bmc.2009.01.074

1283
Analogue 22: Substituting Pyrrolo[d] for Benzo at R3,4

6-IT

IUPAC: 1-(1H-Indol-6-yl)propan-2-amine

Formula: C11H14N2 Molecular weight: 174.24226 g/mol InChI Key: QCFIFKAOUKPFPU-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChI=1S/C11H14N2/c1-8(12)6-9-2-3-10-4-5-13-11(10)7-9/h2-5,7-8,13H,6,12H2,1H3

PubChem CID: 30999; ChemSpider: 28759

One skeleton analogue:
1480
Analogue 1: With 2-Phenylcyclopropan-1-amine skeleton

IUPAC: 2-(Naphthalen-1-yl)cyclopropanamine

Formula: C13H13N Molecular weight: 183.24902 g/mol InChI Key: QSBCZQISIPLNNT-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChI=1S/C13H13N/c14-13-8-12(13)11-7-3-5-9-4-1-2-6-10(9)11/h1-7,12-13H,8,14H2

PubChem CID: 43810345; ChemSpider: 25871166

Zirkle, CL; Kaiser, C; Tedeschi, DH; Tedeschi, RE; Burger, A. 2-Substituted cyclopropylamines. II. Effect of structure upon monoamine oxidase-inhibitory activity as measured in vivo by potentiation of tryptamine convulsions. J. Med. Chem., 1 Nov 1962, 5 (6), 1265–1284. 1069 kB. doi:10.1021/jm01241a018

One isomer:
2448
Isomer 1

IUPAC: 1-(Naphthalen-1-yl)propan-2-amine

Formula: C13H15N Molecular weight: 185.2649 g/mol InChI Key: ODTJDLMNBKMVGR-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChI=1S/C13H15N/c1-10(14)9-12-7-4-6-11-5-2-3-8-13(11)12/h2-8,10H,9,14H2,1H3

PubChem CID: 413939; ChemSpider: 366505

Vilches-Herrera, M; Miranda-Sepúlveda, J; Rebolledo-Fuentes, M; Fierro, A; Lühr, S; Iturriaga-Vasquez, P; Cassels, BK; Reyes-Parada, M. Naphthylisopropylamine and N-benzylamphetamine derivatives as monoamine oxidase inhibitors. Bioorg. Med. Chem., 15 Mar 2009, 17 (6), 2452–2460. 509 kB. doi:10.1016/j.bmc.2009.01.074

Show all 24 analogues and isomers Show only the 22 R3,4 analogues Show only the one skeleton analogues
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